Architect MICHAEL S. JOHNSTONE, AIA, is an expert witness and forensic investigator in golf course design and safety. He has been retained for cases at many of the top golf destinations in the United States, including PGA and LPGA Championship courses. Many of the firm’s clients represent leading golf course management companies like American Golf, Marriott Resorts, Omni Hotels & Resorts, Billy Casper Golf, Salamander Golf Collection, and New York City Parks and Recreation. Our professionalism also brings cases from major insurers like Zurich, Travelers and Philadelphia Indemnity, and even referral by the United States Golf Association (USGA).
Recent cases as expert witness include wrongful death, errant ball injuries, golf cart rollover, cart path defects, blind holes, hidden hazards, animal bite, wildfire, property damage, and injury of spectators or volunteers at golf tournaments. Over 245 cases and investigations have been completed in 34 states (Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin), Washington DC and Canada.
As an expert witness and forensic investigator, Michael clarifies issues and resolves conflicts in complex matters of design and safety, applying over 40 years of design and construction management experience and a unique specialization to golf. Since 1990, he has had a professional association with forensic architects and engineers in the San Francisco Bay Area. He has also published two peer reviewed papers on golf safety and accidents for the National Association of Forensic Engineers. Michael’s expertise includes accident and safety investigations for golf courses, country clubs, clubhouses, driving ranges, learning centers, neighboring properties and parking lots.